What Is Penetration Testing? | Cyber Security

Penetration testing is a simulated attack used to find potential flaws and weaknesses in a company’s network, devices, or applications that could lead to a data breach and financial loss.  Internal network security testing, external network security testing, web application testing, and mobile application security testing are all examples of penetration testing, which is also known as ethical hacking or pen testing.  Penetration testing is used to assist business and IT leaders in identifying vulnerabilities in their environment that could allow an attacker to gain access to privately owned networks, systems, and sensitive business data.  Penetration testers attempt to exploit vulnerabilities once they have been discovered in order to gain access to information, elevate their account privileges, or take control of the business network.  Penetration tests follow strict guidelines that are agreed upon by both the company performing the penetration test and the person requesting the assessment.  Companies will sometimes create flags, or proof markers, which penetration testers will be asked to capture during the assessment.


What is ethical hacking?

In a business context, ethical hacking is synonymous with penetration testing.  Pen testing entails ethically hacking an organization to find security flaws.  Hacking efforts by rogue individuals for political reasons are sometimes referred to as ethical hacking or hacktivism.  Unauthorized hacking attempts, on the other hand, are malicious and illegal.  The consent of both the business and the tester is required for penetration testing.


How is penetration testing done?

To perform penetration testing and expose vulnerabilities, Penetration Testers employs a variety of automation processes and tools.  Pen testing and automated tools look for issues such as weak data encryption and hard-coded values such as passwords in application code.  They assist businesses in determining how well their organization adheres to current security policies.  It’s also a great way to assess security awareness among employees at all levels of the company.


What is a penetration tester?

While no profession is completely future-proof, a career in IT—and, specifically, cybersecurity—is a very safe bet.  As more businesses use, collect, and share data as part of their daily operations, network security is becoming increasingly important.  Indeed, open cybersecurity positions have increased by 350 percent in the last eight years, with 3. 5 million unfilled positions worldwide.


What Are the Different Types of Pen Testing?

Take the initiative! While the phrase may sound like a self-help slogan, it is also a key phrase in today’s cybersecurity best practices.  To secure their cyber environments, more companies are turning to ethical hacking and, in particular, penetration testing rather than waiting for an attack to occur.  Penetration testing improves risk management plans by revealing cyber-attacks that could have been avoided.

Penetration testing attempts to exploit weaknesses or vulnerabilities in systems, networks, human resources, or physical assets in order to stress test the effectiveness of security controls.
Network vulnerabilities typically fall into three categories: hardware, software, and human.



2 thoughts on “What Is Penetration Testing? | Cyber Security

  1. arti says:

    A penetration test, also known as a pen test, is an intentional attack on hardware or software to determine vulnerabilities that could be exploited by threat actors in the future. Pen tests often have two goals, to establish how thoroughly a system’s integrity can be compromised and how much user or company data can be accessed. Pen tests vary based on the level of intrusion — how deeply ethical hackers can infiltrate systems, apps, or hardware. When conducting a pen test, security teams usually look at injection vulnerabilities, broken authentication, broken authorization, and improper error handling.

  2. arti says:

    Penetration testing (also called pen testing) is the practice of testing a computer system, network or web application to find vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit, simulating an attack against an organization’s IT assets.

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